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Glaucoma is the result of increased pressure within the eye leading to damage of the optic nerve. 

Glaucoma has been nicknamed the "sneak thief of sight" because the loss of vision normally occurs gradually over a long period of time and is often only recognized when the disease is quite advanced. Once lost, this damaged visual field can never be recovered. Worldwide, it is the second leading cause of blindness. 
  • Loss of peripheral vision
  • Reduced contrast sensitivity

  • Risk factors
  • Elevated Intra Ocular Pressure (IOP)
  • Heredity
  • High Myopia
  • Diabetes
  • Elevated systolic blood pressure
  • Age

  • Classification of Glaucoma
  • Primary Glaucoma
  • Open angle glaucoma
  • Closed angle glaucoma
  • Normal tension glaucoma
  • Congenital glaucoma

  • Secondary Glaucoma
  • Due to an injury / disease

  • Diagnosis
  • Intraocular pressure (Tonometry)
  • visual field results (Perimetry)
  • Optic nerve head appearance (eye examination)
  • Angle examination (Gonioscopy)

  • Management
    The modern goals of glaucoma management are to avoid glaucomatous damage, preserve visual field and total quality of life for patients with minimal side effects. This requires appropriate diagnostic techniques and follows up examinations and judicious selection of treatments for the individual patient.

    Although intraocular pressure is only one of the major risk factors for glaucoma, lowering it via various pharmaceuticals products or surgical techniques is currently the mainstay of glaucoma treatment.

    Vascular flow and neurodegenerative theories of glaucomatous optic neuropathy have prompted studies on various neuroprotective therapeutic strategies including nutritional compounds some of which may be regarded by clinicians as safe for use now, while others are on trial.
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